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    Cichlids of the World

    By Ged

    Cichlids have adapted to live, survive and breed in different parts of the world, in a vast array of habitats, with specialised feeding techniques and a myriad of breeding and parenting styles. Broadly speaking cichlids are grouped according to their location, and the broken down into subgroups based on physiological features, habitat and behavioural traits. Cichlids are found in Africa, Central America, South America and Asia. African cichlids can be further divided into the following main groups prior to examining the other traits; Tanganyika Cichlids Malawi Cichlids Victoria Cichlids Madagascan Cichlids Other African Cichlids Central American cichlids can be further divided into the following main groups; Archocentrus Group Thorichthys Group Rheophilic Group Detritus Feeders Herbivores Guapotes South American cichlids can be further divided into the following main groups prior to examining the other traits; Large Cichlids Dwarf Cichlids Angelfishes Discus Crenicichla Group There is only one true Asian cichlid and all belong to the one genus, Etroplus, commonly known as Chromides. There are three species located in coastal regions of Sri Lanka and Southern India. The three species include E. maculatus (Orange Chromide), E. suratensis (Green Chromide) and E. canarensis which was presumed to be extinct until it was rediscovered in the 1990s.
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    Cichlids have adapted to live, survive and breed in different parts of the world, in a vast array of habitats, with specialised feeding techniques and a myriad of breeding and parenting styles.

    Broadly speaking cichlids are grouped according to their location, and the broken down into subgroups based on physiological features, habitat and behavioural traits. Cichlids are found in Africa, Central America, South America and Asia.

    African cichlids can be further divided into the following main groups prior to examining the other traits;

    Tanganyika Cichlids

    Malawi Cichlids

    Victoria Cichlids

    Madagascan Cichlids

    Other African Cichlids

    Central American cichlids can be further divided into the following main groups;

    Archocentrus Group

    Thorichthys Group

    Rheophilic Group

    Detritus Feeders

    Herbivores

    Guapotes

    South American cichlids can be further divided into the following main groups prior to examining the other traits;

    Large Cichlids

    Dwarf Cichlids

    Angelfishes

    Discus

    Crenicichla Group

    There is only one true Asian cichlid and all belong to the one genus, Etroplus, commonly known as Chromides. There are three species located in coastal regions of Sri Lanka and Southern India. The three species include E. maculatus (Orange Chromide), E. suratensis (Green Chromide) and E. canarensis which was presumed to be extinct until it was rediscovered in the 1990s.